Here, type must be a valid C data type including char, w_char, int, float, double, bool or any user-defined object, etc., and variable_list may consist of one or more identifier names separated by commas. Some valid declarations are shown here:
int i, j, k;
The line int i, j, k; both declares and defines the variables i, j and k; which instructs the compiler to create variables named i, j and k of type int.
Variables can be initialized (assigned an initial value) in their declaration. The initializer consists of an equal sign followed by a constant expression as follows:
type variable_name = value;
Some examples are:
extern int d = 3, f = 5; // declaration of d and f.
int d = 3, f = 5; // definition and initializing d and f.
byte z = 22; // definition and initializes z.
char x ='x'; // the variable x has the value 'x'.
For definition without an initializer: variables with static storage duration are implicitly initialized with NULL (all bytes have the value 0); the initial value of all other variables is undefined.
Now let’s declare some variables, a variable MyIntegerVariable and MyCharacterVariable:
It is possible to declare more than one variable at the same time:
int Variable1, Variable2, Variable3;
int abc, def, ghi;
To declare a constant is not much different then declaring a variable. The only difference is that you have the word const in front of it:
const float PI = 3.14;
char = 'A';