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C-VARIABLES

VARIABLES
9 August, 2016     
       type variable_list;

Here, type must be a valid C data type including char, w_char, int, float, double, bool or any user-defined object, etc., and variable_list may consist of one or more identifier names separated by commas. Some valid declarations are shown here:



                   int	i, j, k;
char  c,ch;
float f,salary;
double d;

The line int i, j, k; both declares and defines the variables i, j and k; which instructs the compiler to create variables named i, j and k of type int.
Variables can be initialized (assigned an initial value) in their declaration. The initializer consists of an equal sign followed by a constant expression as follows:

               type variable_name = value;
Some examples are:


extern	int d =	3, f = 5;	// declaration of d and f.
int d = 3, f = 5; // definition and initializing d and f.
byte z = 22; // definition and initializes z.
char x ='x'; // the variable x has the value 'x'.

  For definition without an initializer: variables with static storage duration are implicitly initialized with NULL (all bytes have the value 0); the initial value of all other variables is undefined.
Now let’s declare some variables, a variable MyIntegerVariable and MyCharacterVariable:

int main()
{
int MyIntegerVariable;
int MyCharacterVariable;
return 0;
}
It is possible to declare more than one variable at the same time:
int main()
{
int Variable1, Variable2, Variable3;
int abc, def, ghi;
return 0;
}
To declare a constant is not much different then declaring a variable. The only difference is that you have the word const in front of it:

int main()
{
const float PI = 3.14;
char = 'A';
return 0;
}

   
    

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